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An NorðumbroMersian Tonglearning
A Grammar of Northumbro-Mercian

I. BEGINNING (Introduction)
Rootly shaperen af NorðvmbroMersian (NM) aren Noel Cvrry & Francis Smith.

Ðe name shows ðe honovr af ðe Norð as an reminder af ðe Goldene Tide before 1066.
               
Ðe grovnd af ðe tong doð be for to rid ðe nowlie Anglishe tong af Latinen worden and 
bildingen and ovtstead ðese wið Olden Anglishen and/or nowli Germaniken tongens 
worden/bildingen wheresoefer doable.

No one man shall ðis tong own and it alltide shall ðe belonging af ðe folk stay.

Bookstafing Steadsubstantiven and Bildworden 
Workworden Tonglearning Oðer

II. BOOKSTAFING (Spelling) In NM aren alle fowelen and wiðsovnderen ovtspoken as in ðe dayen af ovr forefaðeren, f.f. kovgh, night, ðere a.s.o. Herebeneað aren some grovndunlikenessen wið Anglish bookstafing: - straight 'a' fowel oft oferpvt as 'ea' in NM, f.ex. half > healf, tan > tean. - c > s if ovtspoken /s/. - ðe sound /k/ > c or k, depending on ðe fromness af ðe skriber. Likewise ck > cc/kk (ðis writer is af Eastern ðvs Skandinafian pressing and root so is 'k' anwended *). - likewise 'qu'-clvster > kw or cw f.f. kween/cween. - in handwriting so kan 'f' see ovt as 'S' so long as ðere an strike ðereacross be. - ph > f. - 'th' to be written as ðe symbol ð (kalled eth). Ðerefore ðat ðis symbol oft hard on writingdesken to skriben is, kan 'q' as an againstead anwended been, as it vnanwended is, and seeð ovt like eth when vpside-down too. - 'u' kan by 'v' oferbetaken, as in dayen af yore (and as in ðis tonglearning!). - Anglish 'v'>'f'. f.f. 'foten' 'to vote'. 'V' is nee an konsonant in NM, tis raðer anoðer way af skribing ðe fowel 'u'. - anwending of 'x ' askworðy; bvt kept as af now or written 'chs'. - y/i oft swappeden. - 'ye' be foreshortening af 'the/ðe' in tiden af lakk af spase.

III. STEADSVBSTANTIFEN AND BILDWORDEN (Pronouns and Adjectives)

Nom sing    Nom plu    Acc sing  Acc plu   Dat sing  Dat plu   Gen sing   Gen plu
ig          we         mig       vs        me        t'vs      my/mine*   ovr
ðov         ye         ðig       yov       ðee       yov       ðy/ðine*   yovr
he          hey        hin       hen       him       hem       his        heir
she         shey       her       shen      her       shem      her        sheir
it          ðey        it        ðen       it        ðem       its        ðeir

    * f.f. my kingdom, mine eyen a.s.o.

Relatifen pronovnen followen ðe samen rvlen, f.f. who/whon/whom/whose.

Agreement:
ðe man is big, ðe men aren big, bvt,


an big man,  bigen men,     ðe/my bige man,  ði/mine bigen men,                       
an big skip, bigen skipen,  ðe/my bige skip, ði/mine bigen skipen.
                                                                               
               
Ðe plvral af ðe is 'ði'. 
f.f. ðe harde homework, ði harden homeworken.

IV. WORKWORDEN (Verbs)

Ðere aren two klassen af workword: weak and strong.

Weak(f.f.'to readen')
 Nowtide
  Singvlar                 Plvral
  ig read                  we readen
  ðov readest              ye readen
  he reads or readeð       hey readen
  she reads or readeð      shey readen
  it reads or readeð       ðey readen

 Pasttide
  readen,   redd,     geredd
  fvkken,   fvkked,   gefvkked (to make love, have sex)

Strongworkwordenen followen ði standard 20ð yearhvndreden vnlikenessen, 
and ði followingen trenden too:

  'to been'                           'to hafen'
  Singvlar         Plvral             Singvlar         Plvral 
  ig am            we aren            ig hafe          we hafen
  ðov art          ye aren            ðov hast         ye hafen
  he/she/it is     ðey/hey aren*      he/she/it has    ðey/hey hafen*

 Pasttide
  eaten,    ate,      geeaten    
  drifen,   drofe,    gedriffen
  bvyen,    bought,   gebought

Weak- and Strongworkworden:                

 Fvtvre:  shallen + inf.
  ig shall            we shallen
  ðov shalt           ye shallen
  he/she/it shall     ðey/hey shallen*

 Imperitifen.
  'be'-imperitife to be more ofter anwended f.f. go! > be gone!

* 'hey' trots being an manlie fornovn doð by ðose af Skandinafian ðvs
Norðeastern fromness as an allmen fornovn anwended be as it an grens more
onwork'd by Skandinafian be.



V. TONGLEARNING (Grammar)

Norðvmbro-Mersian followeð ði generalen rvlen af ði Germaniken Tongen: 
'If in doubt, be a kraut'.
- 'V2'-rvle.
- Big Bookstafe if wanted for novnen, weekdayen a.s.o.
- Post-Positioned Possesive a Possibility in Poetic Pieces (6P-rvle) f.f. boyen ðine, ðe cake my.
- Worden, ðat wið 'w' starten, kannen also wiðout ðis 'w' geskribed been, if it good lookeð:
f.o. worm > orm, Wodin > Odin, word > ord
-Likewise, ðe onpvtting af 'w' to worden beginning 'o' is allowed:
f.f. owl > wowl.
- Artiklen: 'Alltide 'an', nee 'a''.
- Dovblen konsonanten allowed after an short fowel in artistiken writingen f.f. sad > sadd.
- NM has deponenten ferben, as in Skandinafian: f.f. 'Ig hopes'.
- Fvnnien spellingen to been tried if ðey gooden ovtseen f.f. freedome, sovlen, goode.
- Stress as ye always bookstafen ovtspeaken, f.f. 'seemed' ovtspoken /seem-ed/, 'seem'd' ovtspoken 
as in nowli Anglish.
- i > y at want f.f. 'tire>tyre' grensly way.
- Svbjvnktife to be anwended as in present Anglish, bvt more so, f.f. 'efen if it be raining, …' a.s.o.
- Intention is shown in ði followingen wayen:
               for (to) ðat…might + infinitife
               so (to) ðat…might + infinitife
               in so ðat…might + infinitife.
- More asking-formeden state-sentensen (frågeformad villkorssatser) to been anwended:
f.f. 'Were Ig ðov...' 'If i were you...'; 
'Goest ðov into town, bvyest me an apple art ðov nice.' 'If you go into town, please buy me an apple.'

VI. OÐER (Miscellaneous) Dayen. Moonsday or Moonday Dvesday Odinsday or Wodinsday Ðorsday Frigsday or Freysday Satvrnsday Svnsday or Svnday Tide. an time = an hour an timehalf = half an hour an timefovrð = a quarter of an hour an timebit = a minute an timebittling = a second an yearten = a decade an yearfifty = fifty years an yearhvndred = a century Nvmberen. Ordinalen: none (NOT zero!), one, two, ðree, fovr, fife, six or sex, sefen, eight, nine, ten or teen, elefen, twelfe or twelf, ðirteen a.s.o. twent(e)y, oneandtwentey, twoandtwentey a.s.o. Kardinalen: first, oðer or twoð, ðird, fovrð, fifð, sixð or sexð a.s.o. Topp Bookstafing Steadsubstantiven and Bildworden Workworden Tonglearning Oðer

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